Writing in The Nation about Roy Fisher, Ange Mlinko notes: "Geoffrey Hill, another poet of the Midlands, has written insightfully about atonement—both as a motive for writing . . . and as an end . . . ."
cf. Ange Mlinko, "Hard Against Time," The Nation (August 15/22, 2011), 39-41.
To explore the notion of atonement in Hill's poetry a bit further, one might turn to Christianity and Literature 60:3 (Spring 2011), which is a special issue devoted to Geoffrey Hill.